By Federico De Romanis, Marco Maiuro
Across the Ocean comprises 9 essays, every one devoted to a key query within the background of the exchange relatives among the Mediterranean and the Indian Ocean from Antiquity to the Early sleek interval: the function of the kingdom within the pink Sea exchange, Roman coverage within the purple Sea, the functionality of Trajan s Canal, the pepper exchange, the pearl alternate, the Nabataean middlemen, using gold in historic India, the consistent renewal of the Indian Ocean ports of alternate, and the increase and death of the VOC."
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Additional info for Across the Ocean: Nine Essays on Indo-Mediterranean Trade
The evidence for big ships involved in the pepper trade from India in the first-third centuries ce is collected by De Romanis (in this volume, ad nn. 35; and a graffito from Alagankulam/Tamil Nadu discussed by Tchernia 2011a). 21 De Romanis 1996, 24–27, maps 2–5. See also Cooper 2011. 100–106. 40 aubert Clysma and, in addition, up a more or less dried-up canal. The difficulty and the delay incurred by these unavoidable circumstances may very well have been the decisive factor in keeping the desert road open over the centuries.
7–8 (381–384); Gregory of Tours, Hist. ); El-Maqrizi 202–3 (1364–1442). 32 = Ostracon, in W. Müller, apf 16 (1956) 211–12, no. priv. (Thebes, Memnonia? Cair. gpw 99 (Thebes, Memnonia? 112) = P. Heilporn in Jördens 2007, 480–82; possibly some Elephantine ostraca τrajan ’ s canal: river navigation from the nile to the red sea 35 a long period of time,9 namely from the late sixth century bce to the early Middle Ages. The purpose of this paper is to examine and answer this specific question. 10 The partly man-made (at times demonstrably navigable) canal followed an ancient branch of the Nile running through the Wadi Tumilat, and along—rather than through—Lake Timsah and the Bitter Lakes.
F. ), Paris 1809–1928). Modern work is represented by Bruyère 1966; Bietak 1975; Holladay 1982 and 1999ab; Redmount 1989 and 1995; Sonnabend 1999; and Cooper 2009. 10 The scholarly literature on the subject is growing: Posener 1938; Calderini 1940; Sijpesteijn 1963; Oertel 1964; Tuplin 1991; Redmount 1995; Mayerson 1996; De Romanis 2002; Aubert 2004a, 2004b, and 2013; Jördens 2007 and 2009; Trombley 2009, with a translation of documents from the Arabic period; Cooper 2009, with an interesting study of the landscape and archaeological remains of the canal in the Eastern Delta; and Sidebotham 2011, 179–82.