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By D.W. Sims

Advances in Marine Biology was once first released in 1963 lower than the founding editorship of Sir Frederick S. Russell, FRS. Now edited by way of D.W. Sims (Marine organic organization Laboratory, Plymouth, UK), with an across the world well known Editorial Board, the serial publishes in-depth and updated reports on a variety of issues with a purpose to entice postgraduates and researchers in marine biology, fisheries technology, ecology, zoology, and organic oceanography. Eclectic volumes within the sequence are supplemented through thematic volumes on such themes because the Biology of Calanoid Copepods. * hugely pointed out evaluation papers and thematic volumes within the vast quarter of marine biology * whole evaluation and synthesis of clinical paintings that exposes rookies to an intensive realizing of the history within the box * precise recognition given to fine quality figures and tables with colour all through

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Extra resources for Advances in Marine Biology, Vol. 54

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Menidia (Conover and Heins, 1987a; Conover and Kynard, 1981; Lagomarsino and Conover, 1993). A series of laboratory experiments demonstrated a maternal (Conover and Heins, 1987b; Conover and Kynard, 1981) and paternal (Conover and Heins, 1987b) component interacting with a simulated seasonal environmental shift resulting in temperature-dependant sex determination in M. menidia. Most approaches to measuring TSD in fishes demonstrate a female effect indirectly by experimentally manipulating temperature of a clutch to simulate seasonal shifts.

2000), nest-site selection can play a role in benthic eggs as there is opportunity for exposure to xenobiotics from the sediment and water. Contaminants can enter the female via contact with sediment, water or food. , 1981). 2). Laboratory maternal exposure to a range of PCB (polychlorinated biphenyls) congeners resulted in transfer to the oocyte and embryo mortality in zebrafish (D. , 2000). 2), and there are many demonstrations of a direct relationship between the body burden of xenobiotics of wild-caught females and her eggs with detrimental effects on the embryos, for example, sockeye salmon O.

Xenobiotics can directly affect fish health and reproduction through endocrine disruption and damage to neural processes, and can be transferred from female to her offspring via vitellogen in eggs. Oviparous fishes mobilise fat stores (vitellogen) from hepatic lipids to produce eggs, and these lipophilic fat stores are a major area of bioaccumulation of organic contaminants. The maternal transfer of xenobiotics to embryos is a major concern particular to oviparous organisms because they do not have the mechanism for protecting the developing foetus from exposure to contaminants that viviparous organisms have (Vannier and Raynaud, 1975).

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