Download American originals: homemade varieties of Christianity by Paul K. Conkin PDF

By Paul K. Conkin

In a piece of outstanding breadth and readability, Paul Conkin bargains an even-handed and in-depth examine the main American-made different types of Christianity—a assorted crew of spiritual traditions, every one of which displays an important holiday from western Christian orthodoxy.Identifying six specified varieties, Conkin examines the most important denominations consultant of every unique number of American Christianity: recovery (Churches of Christ, Disciples of Christ); humanistic (Unitarians, Universalists); apocalyptic (Adventists, Jehovah's Witnesses); Mormon (Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints); non secular (Christian technology, Unity); and ecstatic (Holiness and Pentecostal denominations). concentrating on the early years and maturation of those teams, he discusses their founders and leaders, origins and outdated global roots, and crucial doctrines and practices. Conkin closes every one bankruptcy with a advisor to additional reading.The first complete survey of those American originals, this e-book will function a beneficial source on a couple of non secular traditions whose individuals not just contain an important percent of the yank inhabitants but in addition make up an expanding share of Christian converts around the world.

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At this point no doctrinal issues were involved, and over the next two years both Asbury and O'Kelly tried in vain to find a way of healing the breach. The new Republican movement climaxed rather quickly, with several of the deviant ministers returning to the Asbury fold. The great fears of schism, which at first demoralized many Methodists, proved largely unfounded, since by 1800 it was clear that O'Kelly posed no enduring threat to the rapid growth of Methodism in the new country and new century, a growth related, in part, to the tight episcopal order founded by Wesley and supported by Asbury.

The Cane Ridge congregation took a strong and early stand for temperance and petitioned the presbytery in the strongest possible language against slavery (only after his Cane Ridge ordination did Stone emancipate his slaves and begin advocating emancipation and colonization). Yet, none of these views was inconsistent with Calvinism. Stone's dissent on key doctrines seemed to reflect his characteristic approach to the Bible a commonsense, reasonable reading of the text that was little influenced by scholarship.

Such latter-day, or scholastic, Calvinists offered an uncompromising defense of the following doctrines: God fully determines who will be the beneficiaries of his grace, and not because of any foreknowledge of any virtue in those whom he elects. This is because those ungifted with his grace have no virtues or merit. Thus, all humans in their natural capacity are sinful or depraved. Salvation is conditional on grace and the faith that results from the divine initiative. One can do nothing on one's own to merit salvation.

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