By Bankimcandra Chatterji, Julius J. Lipner
It is a translation of a traditionally very important Bengali novel. released in 1882, Chatterji's Anandamath helped create the ambience and the symbolism for the nationalist flow resulting in Indian independence in 1947. It includes the well-known hymn Vande Mataram ("I revere the Mother"), which has turn into India's respectable nationwide tune. Set in Bengal on the time of the famine of 1770, the radical displays tensions and oppositions inside of Indian tradition among Hindus and Muslims, ruler and governed, indigenous humans and international overlords, jungle and city, Aryan and non-Aryan, celibacy and sexuality. it's either a political and a spiritual paintings. via recreating the prior of Bengal, Chatterji was hoping to create a brand new current that concerned a brand new interpretation of the prior. Julius Lipner not just offers the 1st whole and passable English translation of this crucial paintings, yet provides an intensive advent contextualizing the radical and its cultural and political heritage. additionally incorporated are notes delivering the Bengali or Sanskrit phrases for definite phrases, in addition to explanatory notes for the really good lay reader or student.
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Extra resources for Anandamath, or The Sacred Brotherhood
We shall see this ideology at work to some extent in A¯nandamatﬁh. Though a belief in a common humanity for all was to remain with him till the end of his life, it was progressively diluted by his growing adherence to a somewhat exclusivist sense of Hindu cultural and religious identity. Like others of the Bengali intelligentsia of the time, he was prepared to express this adherence in generic terms. In the course of his review (Ban˙gadars´an, March 1873/Caitra 1279) of Rajnarain Basu’s well-known disquisition Hindudharmer Sresﬁﬁthata¯ (The Superiority of the Hindu Religion), he observes: “We are Hindus; we are not members of a particular sect (kona samprada¯ybhukta nahi).
The heroes are the ﬁrst kind of santa¯n, the initiates, all upper-class Hindus, relatively few in number, literate, disciplined, and imbued with a speciﬁc patriotic purpose. They had taken a solemn vow to give up family life until their objective had been accomplished. The penalty for transgressing that vow was death. They could with justiﬁcation be called sannya¯sı¯s or renouncers. 50 They were far more disparate in composition than the initiated santa¯ns of our story. As Hunter’s description correctly states, they included disbanded or cashiered soldiers, and various kinds of opportunistic hangers-on.
I do not consider this to be a fatal discrepancy, for a novel is a novel, and not history”. So Bankim is perfectly aware, of course, that the locus of a novel permits imaginative licence. Additional testimony of this fact is 60 As a working text for the Bengali, I have used the centenary edition of the ﬁfth edition prepared by Brajendranath Bandyopadhyay and Sajanikanta Das, and ﬁrst published by the Ban˙gı¯ya Sa¯hitya Parisﬁat in be. 1345 (1938). This text usefully gives textual variants of earlier editions at the back, but it is not without its problems.